The name of Stanislav Lem is well known to science fiction lovers. One of the best representatives of futurology in the world wrote about two hundred works, which are translated into 46 languages, and the circulation of books in the millions of copies. He introduced readers to the possible future that awaits humanity in an era of technological superiority and depletion of natural resources, with the problems of finding mutual understanding with extraterrestrial civilizations.
Childhood and youth
In his own presentation of the details of the biography, the writer and philosopher called himself a monster, since he got from the little Stanislav to everyone around him. Lem was born in September 1921 in the family of a doctor, quite well off by the standards of the time. By the age of four, the boy was already able to read and write. The family lived in Lviv, which at that time was Polish possession.
Writer Stanislav Lem Writer Stanislav Lem
Secondary education Stanislav received in a prestigious male gymnasium, bearing the name of the Polish historian and publicist Karol Shaynokh. An attempt to enter the Polytechnic Institute was unsuccessful, according to Lem himself, because of the bourgeois membership in the “wrong” social layer. Father connected all the old connections and attached his only son to a medical university.
When World War II broke out, I had to forget about my studies, Stanislav got a job as a mechanic in a garage. A fake of documents saved the Jewish family of Lemov from getting into the ghetto. According to Israeli portals, Stanislav dragged explosives from his workplace, supplying them with anti-fascist Resistance.
Stanislav Lem in his youthStanislav Lem in his youth
At the end of the war, Lema, not wanting to become Soviet citizens, moved to Krakow as part of the repatriation. Here, Lem, Jr. still completed his medical education at the oldest European educational institution – Jagiellonian University. However, Stanislav refused to receive a diploma, as he did not find anything attractive in the work of a military doctor.
Fiction in the presentation of Lem, according to researchers of the writer’s work, survived genre evolution. If at first it was an optimistic, easy-to-understand novel “The Magellanic Cloud” and the story “The Rat in the Maze”, then later readers had to think more deeply about the astronaut’s parody tales, combined into the series “Star Diaries of Iyon the Pacific”. And the science fiction novel “Eden” about the adventures of the crew of a spaceship on the planet with the same name is completely called the description of “the worst of the possible worlds.”
Stanislav began writing on a student bench. The first work, “Man from Mars,” was published in the little-known weekly New Adventure World. After the release of the novel “Astronauts,” Lem became truly famous, although the author was very skeptical of his brainchild, and, beating out his rights to new publications, the publishers spent a lot of time and nerves.
How about an outstanding science fiction writer about Stanislav Lem started talking after the dystopian “Return from the Stars”. The protagonist of the book is an astronaut who returned from an expedition a hundred years later and forced civilization on Earth without conflict.
Books of Stanislav Lem Books of Stanislav Lem
The novel “Invincible” is dedicated to the necroevolution of robots who have learned not just to change, but to progress. Researchers from Earth understand that there is no point in fighting with mechanisms, since they are part of the planet, and humanity has no right to intervene in a long-established life process.
Another work of Lem is devoted to the issues of communication with an alien mind – “Solaris”. The story of the thinking ocean Boris Strugatsky attributed to the best works of the fantastic genre. The novel formed the basis of the cult eponymous painting by Andrei Tarkovsky. In another work – the play “Do You Exist, Mr. Jones?” – Andrzej Wajda directed the comedy Layer Cake, and Peter Stein – the film Sandwich.
From 1971 to 1974, 16 short stories were published, united in the collection Absolute Emptiness. In it, Stanislav fully demonstrated the talent of a literary critic by writing ironic and subtle reviews of nonexistent works of the same fictional authors.
Labor, as if summing up the activities of Stanislav Lem, is considered the novel “Fiasco”, published in 1987. After him, science fiction limited himself to writing short stories and short stories, and never returned to large literary forms.
In the late 90s, a collection of essays entitled “Megabit Bomb” was published – Lem’s thoughts on computer technology at a time when no one thought of the Internet as an independent organism.