Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle
Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle was born May 22, 1859 in the capital of Scotland, Edinburgh in the family of an artist and architect.
After Arthur was nine years old, he went to the Hodder boarding school, a preparatory school for Stonyhurst (a large closed Catholic school in Lancashire). Two years later, Arthur moved from Hodder to Stonyhurst. It was during these difficult years at the boarding school that Arthur realized that he had a talent for writing stories. In his final year, he publishes a college journal and writes poetry. In addition, he went in for sports, mainly cricket, in which he achieved good results. Thus, by 1876 he was educated and was ready to meet the world.
Arthur decided to take up medicine. In October 1876, Arthur became a student at the Medical University of Edinburgh. While studying, Arthur could meet with many future famous authors such as James Barry and Robert Louis Stevenson, who also attended the university. But the greatest influence was exerted on him by one of his teachers, Dr. Joseph Bell, who was a master of observation, logic, conclusions, and error detection. In the future, he served as the prototype of Sherlock Holmes.
Two years after starting his studies at the university, Doyle decides to try himself in literature. In the spring of 1879, he writes a short story, “The Secret of the Sassassa Valley,” which was published in September 1879. He sends out a few more stories. But only the Story of an American can be published in the London Society magazine. And yet he understands that in this way he can also make money.
Twenty years old, studying in the third year of the university, in 1880, a friend of Arthur invited him to accept the position of a surgeon in whaling “Nadezhda” under the command of John Gray in the Arctic Circle. This adventure found a place in his first story concerning the sea (“Captain of the North Star”). In the fall of 1880, Conan Doyle returned to school. In 1881 he graduated from the University of Edinburgh, where he received a bachelor’s degree in medicine and a master’s degree in surgery and began to look for work. The result of this search was the position of ship’s doctor on the Mayuba, which ran between Liverpool and the west coast of Africa, and on October 22, 1881, his next voyage began.
He leaves the ship in mid-January 1882, and moves to England to Plymouth, where he works with a certain Callingworth, whom he met in his last courses in Edinburgh. These early years of practice are well described in his book, “The Letters of Stark Monroe,” which, in addition to describing life, presents in large quantities the author’s thoughts on religious issues and forecasts for the future.
Over time, disagreements arise between former classmates, after which Doyle leaves for Portsmouth (July 1882), where he opens his first practice. Initially, there were no clients, and therefore, Doyle has the opportunity to devote his free time to literature. He writes several stories, which he publishes in the same 1882. During the years 1882-1885, Doyle was torn between literature and medicine.
On one of March days in 1885, Doyle was invited to give advice on the occasion of Jack Hawkins disease. He had meningitis and was hopeless. Arthur offered to put him in his house for constant care of him, but a few days later Jack died. This death allowed him to meet his sister Louise Hawkins, whom they became engaged to in April, and were married on August 6, 1885.
After the marriage, Doyle is actively engaged in literature. One after another in the Cornhill magazine, his short stories The Message of Hebekuk Jeffson, The Space in the Life of John Huxford, The Ring of Thoth are published. But stories are stories, and Doyle wants more, he wants to be noticed, and for this you need to write something more serious. And so in 1884 he wrote the book, The Gerdleston Trading House. But the book did not interest publishers. In March 1886, Conan Doyle began writing a novel that brought him popularity. In April, he finishes it and sends it to Cornhill to James Payne, who in May of the same year speaks very warmly of him, but refuses to publish it, since he, in his opinion, deserves a separate publication. Doyle sends the manuscript to Bristol Arrowsmith, in July comes a negative review of the novel. Arthur does not despair and sends the manuscript to Fred Warn and Co. But their romance was not interested. Followed by Messrs. Ward, Locke and Co. They reluctantly agree, but set a number of conditions: the novel will be released no earlier than next year, the fee for it will be 25 pounds, and the author will transfer all rights to the work to the publisher. Doyle reluctantly agrees, as he wants his first novel to be left to the readers. And so, two years later, in The Beaton’s Christmas Weekly for 1887, the novel A Sketch in Scarlet Tones is released, which introduced readers to Sherlock Holmes. A separate edition of the novel was released in early 1888.