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Scientist and science fiction writer Ivan Efremov about the incredible successes of mankind in the future

Ivan Efremov was born in 1908 and began to write during the years of World War II. Efremov tried to get away from the tendency to describe interplanetary wars and the demise of civilizations, trying to predict the possible fate of mankind and the way it could go. His works can be described as a “communist utopia.”
Briefly about the writer
Ivan Efremov was born in 1908 and began to write during the years of World War II. By education a paleontologist. In his works, he described the utopian communist future, putting at the forefront the achievements of science and technology and the realization of the creative potential of every citizen. In his novel “The Andromeda Nebula”, he presented a very bold and elaborated version of a possible future, describing in great detail all the historical and social processes that have been going on from our days to his vision of the future of the Earth. Unlike his Western colleagues, who enthusiastically wrote about space wars, conquests, interplanetary conflicts and hostile civilizations, Efremov wrote about people and the image of man: creator, scientist, engineer.

In his works, the writer talked about the possible way of thinking of the people of the future, their characters, habits, aspirations and dreams. In total, Efremov wrote four novels, two novels and twenty stories.

The last novels unexpectedly became a historical rethinking of the role of Alexander the Great in history through a story about the life of Geter Thais of Athens, in whose honor the novel was named.
Interesting Facts
Efremov became the prototype of Fyodor Simeonovich Kivrin in the story of the Strugatsky brothers “Monday begins on Saturday.”
In honor of I. Efremov, the mineral Ephraimite is named, which is probably due to the particularly reverent attitude of Ivan Antonovich to minerals, as well as to his professional achievements as a geologist.
In honor of Ivan Efremov, the small planet (2269) Efremian was discovered, discovered on May 2, 1976 by astronomer N. Chernykh.
Biography
Ivan Antonovich Efremov (1908-1972) – Soviet science fiction writer, paleontologist, creator of taphonomy; cosmos philosopher and social thinker. Laureate of the Stalin Prize of the second degree (1952).

Childhood and youth
The writer was born on April 9 (22 according to the old style) in 1908 in the village of Vyritsa, now located in the Leningrad Region. However, according to church records, Efremov was born on April 10 (April 23).

Efremov’s abilities showed up quite early: at the age of four he learned to read, at the age of six he got acquainted with the work of Jules Verne and fell in love with books about explorers, sailors and scientists.

In 1914, his family moved to Berdyansk, where he entered a gymnasium. During the revolution, parents divorced, and in 1919 a mother and children moved to Kherson, married a red commander, and left with him, leaving the children to her aunt, who soon died of typhus. During the bombing, Ochakova was shell-shocked and from that time began to stutter a little. Ivan nailed to the Red Army autorot, with which the “son of the regiment” reached Perekop.

In 1921 he left the ranks of the Red Army and moved to Petrograd. After two and a half years, he graduated from high school and received secondary education. According to the writer:

“The revolution was also my liberation from philistinism.”

Education
I had to combine my studies with my livelihood: Efremov worked as a loader, cutter of firewood, assistant chauffeur, then a night shift chauffeur.

In 1923, he passed the exams for the navigator of coastal navigation at the Petrograd nautical classes and, after graduating from school, left for the Far East in the spring of 1924.

In 1924 he entered the university in the biological department, since in those years Efremov had an interest in the emerging science of paleontology.

In 1935, Efremov became a candidate of biological sciences. In 1937 he graduated from the Leningrad Mining Institute as an external student. In 1941, he became a doctor of biological sciences, writing a dissertation on terrestrial invertebrates. At this time, Efremov had already moved to Moscow.

In collaboration with A.P. Bystrov, he wrote a monograph on osteology and anatomy of the eotrias labyrinthodont. Subsequently, both authors were awarded honorary diplomas of the Linnaeus Society (England).

At the beginning of the war he was evacuated to Alma-Ata, and from there to Frunze. There he suffered a severe form of fever, having received a serious heart disease.

Ivan Efremov as a mirror of time
Creative activity and the path to fame
The first works were written during the Great Patriotic War. These were “stories about the extraordinary,” combining science fiction and adventure equally. The author’s recognizable style began to manifest itself there – the main emphasis was placed on scientificness and historicity, and much attention was paid to the author’s assumptions and forecasts, one of which was the discovery of diamond deposits in Yakutia and holography.

He directly influenced the fate of the famous Catti Sark on the fate of the famous British sailing ship, now restored by enthusiasts and standing on the banks of the Thames.

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