Mark Twain is an American writer. Born November 30, 1835 in the village of Florida (pc. Missouri). He spent his childhood in the town of Hannibal on the Mississippi. He was a student of a typesetter, later, together with his brother, he published a newspaper in Hannibal, then in Meskatin and Keokuk (pc. Iowa). In 1857 he became a pupil of the pilot, fulfilling his childhood dream of “know the river”, in April 1859 he received the rights of the pilot. In 1861 he moved to his brother in Nevada, for almost a year he was a prospector in silver mines. After writing several humor notes for the newspaper “Territorial Enterprise” in Virginia City, in August 1862 he received an invitation to become its employee. For the pseudonym, he took the expression of lots on the Mississippi, shouting “Merka 2”, which meant sufficient depth for safe navigation.
In May 1864, Twain left for San Francisco, worked for two years in California newspapers, including correspondent of the California “Union” in the Hawaiian Islands. On the crest of the success of his essays, he delivered humorous Continue reading
Stefan Grabinsky (Grabinsky) (Stefan Grabiński) – a Polish writer, one of the founders of Polish science fiction, best known for stories in the horror genre, in particular, from the collection “Demon ruchu” (Demon of movement), entirely based on the motives of the train and the railway. The prose of Grabinsky was appreciated by Stanislav Lem, who wrote an afterword to the publication of his short stories in 1975.
Grabinsky was born on February 26, 1887 in the city of Kamenka-Bug (Lviv region) in the family of a district judge. As a child, he was often ill; he developed early bone tuberculosis. He graduated from the philological faculty of Lviv University. He taught at the gymnasium in various Polish cities (the longest, in 1917-1927, in Przemysl). He made his debut in print in 1909 under the pseudonym Stefan (Polish: Stefan Żalny) with the story “Crazy Manor”, which was included in a small collection of macabre works. After the end of the First World War in 1918, he published a collection of six short stories, “Na wzgórzu róż” (“On a Mountain of Roses”), which received some good reviews. He made the greatest impression on Karol Izhikovsky, an influential critic and author of innovative avant-garde prose. Continue reading
Jules Verne is an extremely popular French writer, the founder of science fiction along with Herbert George Wells. Verne’s works, written for both adolescents and adults, captured the adventurous spirit of the 19th century, its charm, scientific progress and inventions. Most of his novels were written in the form of travel notes that take readers to the moon in “From Earth to the Moon” or in a completely different direction – in “Journey to the Center of the Earth”. Many of Verne’s ideas turned out to be prophetic. Among his most famous books is the adventure novel Around the World in 80 Days (1873).
“Ah – what a journey – what a wonderful and unusual journey! We entered the Earth through one volcano, and came out through another. And this other one was more than twelve thousand leagues from Sneffels, from this dreary country of Iceland … We left the area of eternal snows and left behind a gray fog of icy open spaces to return to the azure sky of Sicily! ”(From“ Journey to the Center of the Earth ”, 1864) Continue reading